High cholesterol: Nutritionist reveals top prevention tips
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With cholesterol there is a healthy and unhealthy form.
The healthy or “good” form of cholesterol is known as high-density lipoprotein.
This is needed for overall cardiovascular health.
Meanwhile, the unhealthy or “bad” type of cholesterol is known as low-density lipoprotein.
Low-density lipoprotein forms as a plaque in the arteries, raising blood pressure.
If levels of this cholesterol are too high, it can increase a person’s risk of heart disease.
There are several ways cholesterol can be lowered, including exercise.
The NHS recommends a person should get at least 150 minutes of exercise a week.
As well as lowering cholesterol levels, exercise improves overall fitness and boosts mental wellbeing.
Furthermore, there are other ways cholesterol levels can be lowered, such as through an improved diet.
The NHS recommends that people with high cholesterol should try to eat more oily fish, brown rice, bread, pasta, nuts, seeds, fruits, and vegetables.
Meanwhile fatty foods with high levels of sugar, salt, and processed meat are to be avoided.
Smoking, too, can increase cholesterol levels as well as a person’s risk of heart attacks, stroke, and most cancers.
Alcohol contributes to raised cholesterol levels as well.
It is recommended 14 units per week, as a maximum, is consumed.
However, studies show even a very small amount of alcohol can have a negative impact.
If lifestyle changes fail to work, medications may be prescribed.
The most commonly used are statins.
These work by reducing the production of cholesterol in the liver.
For more information on cholesterol consult with a GP.
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